Research Consortium Scholars
Sponsored by USAID’s Higher Education Solutions Network, the AidData Research Consortium (ARC) is a collaborative research network comprised of 80 scholars from universities and research institutions around the world. Leveraging subnational information about development finance activities – down to the province, district and street-corner level – the ARC will produce research to address pressing development questions in seven areas: conflict mitigation, democracy and governance, economic growth, environment and climate change, global health, food security, and humanitarian assistance and disaster response.
Conflict Mitigation Team
Mike Findley is an Assistant Professor in the Government Department at the University of Texas-Austin, and was previously an Assistant Professor at Brigham Young University. He received his PhD in Political Science in 2007 from the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign. His research examines civil wars, ethnic conflict, and terrorism. He has published in the Journal of Politics, International Studies Quarterly, and other journals.
In his capacity as Director of the Center for International Development and Conflict Management, he serves as an expert on projects in the area of conflict management policy research, as well as coordinates the development of the biennial publication Peace and Conflict. Previously, Dr. Backer was a Senior Program Officer at the United States Institute of Peace has also taught at the College of William and Mary and the University of Michigan. His specialty is comparative analysis of the choice and impact of transitional justice measures, reflected in ongoing studies of the responses of victims of conflict in Ghana, Liberia, Nigeria, and Sierra Leone, South Africa and Kenya. Other notable work examines topics such as political violence, ethnic conflict, elites in closed regimes, nongovernmental organizations in authoritarian settings, and party systems.
Scott Gates is an American political scientist and economist based in Norway. He was director of the Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO)'s Centre for the Study of Civil War, which was a Norwegian Center of Excellence funded by the Research Council of Norway for a ten year period 2002-2012. He is currently a Research Professor at PRIO, and also holds a professorship in political science at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology. His current research includes applied game theory analysis, international relations theory, international political economy, forma models of bureaucracy, and economic modeling.
Cullen is an Assistant Professor at the Korbel School of International Studies at the University of Denver. He focuses on environmental security, food security, and the economic and security implications of climate change and climate change adaptation. Cullen holds a BA from Kalamazoo College and a PhD from the University of California, San Diego.
Dr. Shahriar Kibriya has more than eight years of professional and research experience on international development, public policy, quantitative studies of social science, and food security in fragile societies. He specializes in building mathematical models of conflict, food security of developing nations, public policy and modern implications of inductive causation. Dr. Kibriya has authored several academic articles and conference publications. He has also developed several concept notes and is involved in the implementation of development projects and research in Asia and Africa.
Dr. Clionadh Raleigh is a Professor of Human Geography at the University of Sussex. She previously served as a Lecturer in the Department of Political Science at Trinity College, Dublin and an external researcher at the Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO). She is a political geographer, and her work is focused mainly on conflict, governance, and the social consequences of climate change in sub-Saharan Africa. Dr. Raleigh directs the Armed Conflict Location and Event Data (ACLED) project, which tracks local conflict events in fifty countries. Her current work concerns conflict patterns, government intervention, and drought patterns in the Sahel belt, and appears in journals such as Political Geography. Dr. Raleigh earned her PhD in Geography from the University of Colorado at Boulder.
Siri has a PhD from PRIO and is now a senior researcher there. She is a member of the conflict trends, environment, non-state conflict actors research groups and is a member of the project on female empowerment in Eastern DRC. Her work has been published in journals such as International Interactions, Conflict Management and Peace Science, and the Journal of Peace Research.
Burcu Savun is Associate Professor of Political Science at the University of Pittsburgh. She studies the ways states cooperate and intervene to end and prevent violent conflicts, including civil wars and terrorism. Her research builds from the premise that international and domestic political environments affect both the termination of ongoing violent conflicts and the onset of new ones, particularly during democratization movements and global economic crises. Her current work focuses on the effectiveness of foreign aid as a conflict prevention tool.
Steve directs the Violent Intranational Political Conflict and Terrorism (VIPCAT) Lab within the Institute for Theory and Practice of International Relations at W&M. His work fuses theories and methods form social science, computer science, and linguistics disciplines to better understand the causes and consequences of political violence, instability, and terrorism. His team's research is the backbone of the US Department of Defense's Worldwide Integrated Crisis Early Warning System (WICEWS) used by combatant commands and the intelligence community to analyze and anticipate current and potential threats to global security.
Alastair has published books such as The Dictator’s Handbook, Punishing the Prince, and The Logic of Political Survival. His work has also been published in journals such as Economics and Politics, British Journal of Political Science, Journal of Conflict Resolution, and American Political Science Review.
Daniel Strandow is a Ph.D. candidate at the Department of Peace and Conflict Research. At the University of Texas at Austin he is currently a pre-doctoral fellow with the Strauss Center CCAPS program and a research fellow and lecturer at the European Union Center of Excellence. Mr. Strandow's research interests include how foreign aid going to areas of varying territorial dominance can influence warring parties’ ability and will to kill opponents. Theoretically these interests are pursued from a rational choice as well as a systemic approach. Empirically Strandow and colleagues are mapping territorial dominance in Africa South of the Sahara. Mr. Strandow was a pioneer of systematically geocoding foreign aid projects. His work has supported geo-coding efforts at the World Bank, USAID, African Development Bank, International Aid Transparency Initiative, the AidData Center for Development Policy, and others.
Democracy and Governance Team
Joseph Young is an associate professor in the School of Public Affairs at American University. His research focuses on political institutions and violence and is published in numerous peer-reviewed articles across academic disciplines, including political science, economics, criminology, and international studies. The National Science Foundation and the National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism (START) have funded his research.
In addition to being the Julius Silver Professor of Politics at the Alexander Hamilton Center for Political Economy at NYU, Bruce is also a Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution, Stanford University. Two of his books include The Dictator’s Handbook: Why Bad Behavior is Almost Always Good Politics and The Predictoneer’s Game: Using the Logic of Brazen Self-Interest to See and Shape the Future. Bruce is also a partner in Mesquita & Roundell, LLC, a consulting firm that uses game theory models he developed to assist corporations and the U.S. intelligence and policymaking community in complex negotiations involving mergers and acquisitions, litigation, regulation, and national security matters.
Sarah’s research and teaching interests include international relations, democracy promotion, non-state actors in world politics, gender and human rights policy, and Middle East politics. Her book, which is forthcoming at Cambridge University Press, explores how and why the United States and other developed countries turned to democracy promotion at the end of the Cold War and the impact of doing so. Other ongoing projects examine the effects of American democracy promotion on public attitudes in the Middle East. Her previous research has been published or is forthcoming in the journals International Organization and International Studies Quarterly.
Simone is an Assistant Professor of Political Science University of Missouri, Columbia, and was previously a Postdoctoral Research Associate at the Niehaus Center for Globalization and Governance at Princeton University. She received her PhD in political science from the Pennsylvania State University in 2011. Her research examines donor-decision making about how to deliver in recipient country and analyzes how these decisions affect development and political outcomes.
Roland Hodler is Professor of Economics at the University of Lucerne, External Research Associate at the Oxford Centre for Analysis of Resource Rich Economies, and CESifo Research Network Fellow. He holds a PhD from the University of Bern, and was Lecturer and Senior Lecturer at the University of Melbourne. His main research interests are in political economics and development economics. His work has been published in journals such as Journal of Development Economics, Games and Economic Behavior, Economica, and the European Economic Review.
Ryan Jablonski is an Assistant Professor at the London School of Economics and Political Science. His research looks at the role of foreign capital, including development aid, on the domestic politics of recipient states. Among other things, his research explains the way electoral politics play an important role in shaping the distribution and effectiveness of foreign aid. His research has been published in World Politics, British Journal of Political Science, and the Journal of Conflict Resolution.
James D. Long is an Academy Scholar at the Harvard Academy for International and Area Studies and an Assistant Professor of Political Science at the University of Washington. Previously, he was a dissertation fellow at the Institute on Global Conflict and Cooperation, a Jennings Randolph Peace Scholar at the US Institute of Peace, and a Fulbright Scholar. His research focuses on elections in fragile and developing countries, including the determinants of voting behavior and turnout, the dynamics of electoral fraud, the impact of ICT on corruption monitoring, the causes of electoral violence, and the effects of civil war and insurgency on state-building and development. He studies these issues in sub-Saharan Africa and Afghanistan.
Matt Lowe is pursuing his PhD in Economics, specializing in the field of development economics, political economy and international economy. He previously worked as a Projects Officer at the International Monetary Fund and a Consultant at the World Bank. He has two working papers on the public and private marginal product of capital and the privatization of African railways. Matt also studies Mandarin Chinese.
Mona Lyne is Chair and Associate Professor of Political Science at Kansas City and specializes in comparative politics and international relations. She published a book titled Voter’s Dilemma and Democrtic Accountability: Latin America and Beyond and has had articles published in journals such as Review of International Organizations, American Journal of Political Science, and Party Politics.
Axel Michaelowa is head of the group on international climate policy at the chair “Political Economy and Development”, University of Zurich and Center for Comparative and International Studies (CIS). Besides his research work, he is senior founding partner of the consultancy “Perspectives”. Axel is a lead author of the chapter on international agreements in the 5th Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change due in 2014 and wrote on mitigation policies in the 4th Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change published in 2007.
His research focuses on political parties, electoral systems, and legislatures, with a regional specialization in Latin America. Among his publications are Patterns of Legislative Politics: Roll Call Voting in the United States and Latin America’s Southern Cone (Cambridge University Press, 2004), Legislative Politics in Latin America, (coeditor and contributor; Cambridge University Press, 2002), and Pathways to Power (coeditor and contributor, Pennsylvania State University Press, 2008). His articles have appeared in the Journal of Politics, Comparative Political Studies; Comparative Politics, Party Politics, Electoral Studies, Review of International Political Economy, and other journals. He was also the primary investigator on a grant from the USAID to produce documents related to their political party development programs.
Paula M. Pickering is an Associate Professor of Government at the College of William and Mary whose research has focused on how Western Balkan citizens and elites influence international efforts to rebuild post-conflict societies and states. She is working on extending recent research investigating the impact of foreign aid for local democratic governance in the Western Balkans to post-conflict societies in other regions. Before getting her Ph.D. in Political Science (University of Michigan in 2001), she worked as a human rights officer for the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe’s Mission in Bosnia-Herzegovina (1996) and as the politico-military analyst for Eastern Europe at the US Department of State (1990-1994).
Phillip is an Assistant Professor at the College of William & Mary. He received his Ph.D. in Political Science in 2007 from the University of Maryland and has held fellowships at Stanford University and Oxford University. His research has been published in World Politics, American Journal of Political Science and other journals.
Dr. Joel Selway is an Assistant Professor of Political Science at BYU. Selway's research addresses the design of democratic political institutions for ethnically-divided societies. He has analyzed topics as diverse as civil war, riots, economic growth and public goods provision. Selway's work has appeared in World Politics, Political Analysis, Comparative Political Studies, British Journal of Political Science, Journal of Conflict Resolution, among others.He received his PhD from the University of Michigan in 2009.
Bann Seng Tan is a visiting assistant professor in the Government Department at the College of William & Mary. He received his PhD from the Graduate Center at City University New York in 2013. In his research on foreign aid, he studies the effectiveness of aid conditionality in democracy promotion.
Joseph Wright is an assistant professor in the Department of Political Science and currently holds the Jeffrey L. and Sharon D. Hyde Early Career Professorship. He completed his Ph.D. at UCLA in 2007 and held post-doctoral positions at Princeton University and the University of Notre Dame. His research on foreign aid and autocratic politics has been published or is forthcoming in the American Journal of Political Science, the Annual Review of Political Science, British Journal of Political Science, Comparative Political Studies, International Organization, International Studies Quarterly, and the Journal of Politics. His research has been funded by the National Science Foundation and the Minerva Research Initiative.
Economic Growth Team
Christopher Kilby is Associate Professor of Economics and Emerging Scholar in International Business at the Villanova School of Business at Villanova University and the Economic Growth Team Leader. His research focuses on the political economy of foreign aid including how donor influence in international aid organizations impacts aid effectiveness. Kilby received his Ph.D. in Economics from Stanford University and his research has been featured in publications such as Journal of Development Economics, Economic Development and Cultural Change, Economics Letters, the Review of International Organizations, and World Development.
Axel Dreher is Professor of International and Development Politics at Heidelberg University. He received his PhD in Economics in 2003 from the University of Mannheim, Germany. He is Editor of the Review of International Organizations and author of the KOF Index of Globalization. Most of his current research is on political economy and economic development.
Samuel Brazys is Lecturer of International Relations at the University College Dublin. He completed his PhD at Indiana University (IN, USA). Prior to coming to UCD he worked as an Economic Adviser to the Federated States of Micronesia and most recently taught at the College of William and Mary (VA, USA). Brazys' research focuses broadly on development with a more narrow focus on the effectiveness of foreign aid. Recent and current research projects include examinations of donor heterogeneity in Aid for Trade, the consequences of aid dependency, non-linear effects of aid on governance, vote-buying in the United Nations General Assembly, the universality deficit in international institutions,
Robert K. Fleck is Professor of Economics at Clemson University. His main fields of interest include political economy, public finance, economic history, law and economics, and development economics. Much of his current research focuses on the causes and consequences of major political and economic transitions and on why only some countries adopt successful political and economic reforms. Before moving to Clemson, he was Professor of Economics at Montana State University. Fleck has been a Julian Simon Fellow (2005) and Lone Mountain Fellow (2013) at the Property and Environment Research Center (PERC), and a National Fellow at Stanford’s Hoover Institution (2010-11). Fleck received his PhD in Economics from Stanford University.
Andrew W. Horowitz is Professor of Economics at the Sam M. Walton College of Business at the University of Arkansas (PhD University of Wisconsin – Madison). Dr. Horowitz has served as an analyst for the Congressional Budget Office, been a Fulbright Scholar in Brazil (FGV-Rio), consulted for The Inter-American Development Bank, and accompanied and advised a U.S. Congressional trade mission to Brazil. He has published articles in The American Economic Review, The International Economic Review, The Journal of International Economics, The Journal of Development Economics, and many other journals.
Erasmus Kersting is an Assistant Professor of Economics at Villanova University. He received his PhD in Economics from Texas A&M University in 2009. His research interests include studying macroeconomic fluctuations, as well as potential drivers of economic and societal development such as firm-level innovation and development aid. His articles have been published in journals such as Review of International Economics, Economic Inquiry, and Review of Economic Dynamics. He is work includes a recent article in the European Economic Review examining the impact of aid on democracy, coauthored with Christopher Kilby.
Homi Kharas is a senior fellow and deputy director for the Global Economy and Development program at Brookings. Formerly a chief economist in the East Asia and Pacific Region of the World Bank, Kharas currently studies policies and trends influencing developing countries, including aid to poor countries, the emergence of a middle class, the food crisis and global governance and the G20. He has served most recently as the lead author and executive secretary of the secretariat supporting the High Level Panel, co-chaired by President Sirleaf, President Yudhoyono and Prime Minister Cameron, advising the U.N. Secretary General on the post-2015 development agenda.
David Leblang is Professor and Chair of the Department of Politics at the University of Virginia. His work is in the area of international political economy with a focus on global migration, capital flows and financial markets. A specialist in political economy, Leblang has served as a consultant to the International Monetary Fund, The Directorate of Finance and Economics of the European Commission, and the Department of Defense. He is co-author of Democratic Politics and Financial Markets: Pricing Politics (2006) and more than thirty journal articles in publications including The American Political Science Review, The American Journal of Politics, International Organization, Economics and Politics, and the Journal of International Money and Finance. A graduate of Florida State University, David received his PhD from Vanderbilt University. Prior to arriving at the University of Virginia he taught at the College of William and Mary, the University of North Texas and the University of Colorado.
Helen V. Milner is the B. C. Forbes Professor of Politics and International Affairs at Princeton University and the director of the Niehaus Center for Globalization and Governance at Princeton's Woodrow Wilson School. She was the chair of the Department of Politics from 2005 to 2011. She has written extensively on issues related to international political economy, the connections between domestic politics and foreign policy, globalization and regionalism, and the relationship between democracy and trade policy. She is currently working on issues related to globalization and development, such as the political economy of foreign aid, the "digital divide" and the global diffusion of the internet, and the relationship between globalization and democracy.
Elizabeth Ransom is an Associate Professor of Sociology at the University of Richmond in the Department of Sociology and Anthropology. Her primary research interests are in international development, global agriculture and food systems with an emphasis on Southern Africa, and science and technology studies especially in relation to agriculture and food. She received her Ph.D. from Michigan State University.
Arilton Teixeira serves as director, teacher and researcher at FUCAPE Business School in Brazil. He is an Associate Editor of the Journal of Monetary Economics, the Brazilian Journal of Finance and Brazilian Business Review. His research focuses on international trade, international finance, economic growth and development, industrial organization, and governments motivations in provoding foreign assistance. He received his Ph.D in Economics at the University of Minnesota.
Jennifer Tobin joined the Georgetown Public Policy Institute in 2008 after completing doctoral studies at Yale University and a fellowship at Nuffield College, Oxford. Her main research interests are in the political economy of development, specifically focusing on international investment, small and microfinance, trade, and development assistance. She is currently working on projects focusing on property rights enforcement for small investors, free trade agreements in emerging market economies, and the emergence of pro-poor economic policies in developing countries. Prior to joining Georgetown she was a fellow at Nuffield College, Oxford, a Global Economy and Development Fellow at the Brookings Institution and worked for microfinance institutions in Uganda, Haiti, and Mexico. At GPPI Jennifer teaches the public management course focused on developing.
Patrick Paul Walsh took up the Chair in International Development Studies in the School of Politics and International Relations, University College Dublin, in 2007. He received a Ph.D .from the London School of Economics and Political Science in 1994. During 1992-2007 he was in the Department of Economics, Trinity College Dublin. He left Trinity College Dublin an Associate Professor, College Fellow and Dean of Social and Human Sciences. He was a Visiting Professor at K.U. Leuven during 1997-1999 and a Research Scholar in the Department of Economics, Harvard University, during the academic year 2002-2003.
Matthew Winters is an Assistant Professor of Political Science and an Affiliated Faculty of Latin American and Caribbean Studies, African Studies, and East Asian Pacific Studies. He has contributed to books such as Handbook of Economic Governance: Players, Power and Paradigms, New Advances in Experimental Research on Corruption and has been published in journals such as International Studies Quarterly, Comparative Politics, and International Interactions.
Environment and Climate Change Team
Mark is an Assistant Professor at the University of California at Santa Barbara. He received his PhD from Duke University in 2011. Supported by the US National Science Foundation, he led a team of researchers who coded every World Bank, Asian Development Bank, Inter-American Development Bank and African Development Bank project completed since 1990 on a set of environmental performance indicators.
Sarah Glaser is a fisheries ecologist at the Josef Korbel School of International Studies at the University of Denver. Her research investigates the ecology and population dynamics of fishes and the coupled natural- human feedbacks that structure fisheries. The goal of her research is to improve management and conservation of fish populations by improving predictions of changes in ecosystems. Sarah investigates complex dynamics and forecasting of ecological communities, socio-ecological feedbacks in fishery systems, food web ecology, and predator-prey dynamics.
Stuart Hamilton is Director of the GIS Program and Director of the Center for Geospatial Analysis at the College of William and Mary. He received his Ph.D. in Geography with a specialization in GIS from the University of Southern Mississippi. His research examines the role of land-cover land-use change on issues of development including food security and access to livelihoods.
Marc Levy serves as Deputy Director of the Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN), a unit of The Earth Institute at Columbia University. He is a political scientist specializing in the human dimensions of global environmental change. He has worked closely with the U.S. government and the United Nations on climate-security problems, and is currently a lead author on the Intergovernmental Panel for Climate Change Fifth Assessment. In addition to researching climate-security connections, Levy explores methods for predicting emerging infectious disease risk and for measuring sustainable development, and is leading a project in Haiti to reduce vulnerability to disaster risks by integrating ecology and economic development goals on a watershed scale.
Daniel is a doctoral candidate in the Department of Political Science at UC San Diego. His fields of specialization are International Relations (with a focus on International Political Economy) and Comparative Politics, but his research interests are much broader. His dissertation focuses on electoral geography and its consequences for economic policies. Daniel’s other research focuses on conflict, the role of networks in diplomacy, policy-making in North Korea and voting, and an ongoing survey of the field of International Relations. His work has appeared in International Organization, International Studies Quarterly, Review of International Political Economy, Evaluation Review, Foreign Policy, International Journal, Politics and Gender.
Katherine is a professor of Political Economy and Development at the University of Zurich, Switzerland. She studied at the Universities of Mannheim and Hamburg and at the Delhi School of Economics. From 1997-2000, she was an administrator at the OECD, Paris (development research, co-ordination of donor policies, education policy and educational indicators); from 2000-2006 researcher at the Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWA / HWWI), since December 2001 as head of the research group “Trade and Development”. Her research interests are development studies, public choice, economics of aid, education policy and international climate policy.
Marco is a Mellon Postdoctoral Fellow at the Center for Geospatial Analysis at the College of William & Mary. He received his PhD from the Graduate School of Geography at Clark University and a Master’s degree from the University of Miami. He has 10 years of academic and professional experience with applications of Geospatial Analysis for land use/cover dynamics, sustainability indicators and development policy.
Alexander Pfaff, Ph.D., is Associate Professor of Public Policy, Economics and Environment and an environmental-and-natural-resources economist focused upon how economic development and the environment & natural resources affect each other. His research examines: impacts on deforestation of roads, protected areas and ecopayments (Brazil's Amazon, Costa Rica, Bolivia, Peru, Mexico and US); influences on harmful exposures (stove emissions in China and Pakistan, drinking arsenic in Bangladesh); responses to climate and water shocks in production and bargaining under water policies (Brazil's NE and Colombia); and how U.S. regulators might shift the incentives for firms to audit and provide information. This applied research aims to raise the chance that interventions have their intended impacts upon the environment and natural resources while benefiting all the people and groups they are designed to help.
J. Timmons Roberts is a Professor of Sociology at Brown University. He previously directed the Environmental Science and Policy program at the College of William & Mary from 2001-2008, and is Visiting Research Associate at the College of William & Mary's Institute for the Theory and Practice of International Relations. He received his PhD from Johns Hopkins University in 1992.
Amy Kracker Selzer is currently a Visiting Assistant Professor of Sociology at the College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, VA. She teaches courses in globalization, urban sociology, comparative sociology, and American society. Her current research projects examine the ways in which civil society engages with the state to foster urban development. Her work also examines the spatial dynamics of race and class in urban South Africa. She received her PhD in Sociology from Brown University in 2012.
Kate Weaver is Associate Professor and Graduate Director at the LBJ School of Public Affairs, The University of Texas at Austin. She is a lead researcher in the Strauss Center's Climate Change and African Political Stability (CCAPS) program and co-director (with Dr. Mike Findley) of Innovations for Peace and Development, which hosts one of the ACDP labs. Kate's research focuses on the diffusion and implementation of open data policies, reform of international financial institutions, and tracking and mapping climate and food security aid. She holds a PhD in Political Science from the University of Wisconsin-Madison.
Global Health Team
Karen A. Grépin's research focuses on the economics and politics of health services in sub-Saharan Africa, with a focus on priority setting in health systems, factors affecting the demand and supply of maternal health services, and the effectiveness of development assistance for health. She is currently studying institutional and behavioral constraints to the uptake of key maternal and child health services, with active field studies in Kenya, Rwanda, and Uganda.
Scott is a professor of international nutrition and epidemiology in the Department of Kinesiology and Health Sciences at the College of William & Mary. His research focuses on understanding the causes of poor nutrition and on identifying and testing innovative methods for promoting maternal and child health. Dr. Ickes co-directs the public health minor and directs the Public Health Nutrition Lab.
Giuseppe is Full Professor of Statistics at the Catholic University of the Sacred Heart in Rome (Italy). He also teaches in Lugano (Switzerland). He is one of the Founders and the Chairman of the Spatial Econometrics Association. He wrote more than 100 papers and 5 books on spatial statistics and spatial econometrics with applications mostly to economic inequality and environmental issues. His research interests include optimal spatial sampling, regional convergence and spatial concentration, and world inequality analysis.
Ariel is a Lecturer (Assistant Professor) in Economics at the University of New South Wales, where he focuses on social learning, community building, and program evaluation. He also researches development economics, applied economics, and new institutional economics. He holds a BA from the University of Pittsburgh and a PhD from the University of Maryland.
Enrico is a researcher in the area of information visualization, human computer interaction and visual analytics. He uses interactive data visualization. His research focusses on the development of novel techniques and applications as well as on the understanding of how people interact with them.
Kim Yi Dionne is Five College Assistant Professor of Government at Smith College, where she teaches courses on African Politics, HIV/AIDS, and Field Research Methods. The substantive focus of her research is on the opinions of ordinary Africans toward interventions aimed at improving their condition and the relative success of such interventions. Her work has been published in African Affairs, Comparative Political Studies, and World Development.
Carrie is a GIS Analyst for AidData and a Research Fellow in Public Policy at the College of William and Mary. Carrie has over 10 years of experience using spatial tools such as geographic information systems and global positioning systems. She has written several articles on utilizing geocoded data to examine health outcomes and has advised projects in Africa and Latin America. Carrie holds an MPH from Tulane University and is pursuing her PhD in Healthcare Policy and Research at Virginia Commonwealth University.
Victoria Fan is a research fellow at the Center for Global Development. Her research focuses on the design and evaluation of health policies and programs as well as aid effectiveness in global health. Fan joined the Center after completing her doctorate at Harvard School of Public Health where she wrote her dissertation on health systems in India. Fan has worked at various nongovernmental organizations in Asia and different units at Harvard University and has served as a consultant for the World Bank and WHO. Fan is investigating health insurance for tertiary care in Andhra Pradesh, conditional cash transfers to improve maternal health, and the health workforce in India.
Diego is Assistant Professor (in economic statistics) at the University of Trento (Italy), Department of Economics and Management. He focuses primarily on the use and development of statistical methods to analyze micro-geographic data. Diego holds a MA in Economics from the University of Trento (Italy), and a PhD in Economic Statistics from the University of Rome “La Sapienza” (Italy).
Much of his work since 1987, first at the World Bank and now at the CGD, is on the economics of the AIDS epidemic. After work on the economic impact of the AIDS epidemic and on cost-effective interventions, he co-authored the Bank’s first comprehensive treatment of the economics of AIDS in the book, Confronting AIDS: Public Priorities for a Global Epidemic (1997,1999). His most recent book is Achieving an AIDS Transition: Preventing Infections to Sustain Treatment (2011)in which he offers options, for donors, recipients, activists and other participants in the fight against HIV, to reverse the trend in the epidemic through better prevention. His previous publications include The Economics of Effective AIDS Treatment: Evaluating Policy Options for Thailand (2006). Other papers examine the economics of preventing and of treating malaria.
John Spencer holds a Master’s degree in Geography and is a spatial analyst specializing in issues concerning health and medical geography. He has 20 years experience with spatial tools such as Geographic Information Systems (GIS), Global Positioning System (GPS) receivers and spatial analysis methods. Mr. Spencer has cultivated experience in the use of these tools to better understand the distribution of health services and their relationship to populations in need, as well as using GIS to strengthen the available data infrastructure through its ability to link disparate data sets. He has co-authored a book on the use of GPS receivers in social science research, as well as multiple guides and toolkits which facilitate the use of spatial methods and techniques in health research. Additionally, Mr. Spencer has written numerous articles on methods and techniques for understanding accessibility and potential accessibility to health services. He has taught multiple courses, workshops and trainings on the use of GIS, GPS and other spatial tools.
John is a Professor of Biology at William and Mary and was Dean of Graduate Studies and Research from 2012-2013. The major question that has stimulated most of his research is centered on the role of environmental stressors in moderating ecological and evolutionary change—a question of growing importance as anthropogenic stressors on natural populations continue to increase. He started this exploration by exploring the role of environmental developmental stressors on visual communication, mating, competitive, and anti-predatory behaviors in birds and insects. Subsequently, he expanded his research program to include an explicit conservation angle to study how anthropogenic environmental disturbance (e.g. land use change and noise pollution) affects breeding performance and behavioral strategies in song birds. One of his current studies analyzes how the presence of World Bank projects affect bird biodiversity. Before William and Mary, Swaddle was an assistant professor at University of Bristol, where he also received his Ph.D in Behavioral Ecology.
Henrik Urdal obtained his PhD at the University of Oslo in 2007. Urdal is a senior researcher at the Peace Research Institute Oslo, where he is affiliated with the Centre for the Study of Civil War. Since October 2010, he has been the editor-in-chief of the Journal of Peace Research. Urdal has held research fellowships at East West Center (Honolulu, Hawaii; 2005-2006) and at the Kennedy School of Government. He has previously worked for the Office of the Prosecutor at the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (1999). His research addresses the relationship between demography, environment, and politics, particularly focusing on how population growth, "youth bulges", and climate change affect violent conflict.
Jim is co-author and instructor for GIS for Analysis of Health and a lecturer in GIS and Health Geography with the University of Southampton in the United Kingdom. He previously taught GIS at the University of Edinburgh in Scotland. After studying for an MSc in Geographical Information Systems with University of Edinburgh in 1991, he went on to study a child nutrition information system in Zimbabwe for my Ph.D. Jim has continued to work in southern Africa, currently through a project called AQUATEST, which seeks to improve the data handling associated with drinking water quality monitoring. At the moment, he is also working on several research topics related to GIS for Analysis of Health. These topics include measuring access to safe water using GIS and examining the potential of cell phones for use in information systems within the developing world. Within the UK, Jim has recently been looking at geographical variation in prevalence patterns as recorded in primary care.
Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Response Team
Josh is an Associate Professor at the LBJ School of Public Affairs. He has written extensively on climate change and security, transnational advocacy, and global public health among other areas. Josh holds a PhD in Government from Georgetown University, a BA in political science and biology from the University of North Carolina, and a BA from the University of East Anglia.
Jennifer is the Gruber Assistant Professor in the Department of Political Science and the Goldman School of Public Policy at the University of California, Berkeley. Her research seeks to understand the foundations of democratic politics in economically developing states. In particular, she is interested in the effects of diverse formal and informal institutional constraints—such as federalism, coalition politics, and corruption—on the behavior of politicians in electorally competitive environments. Bussell’s regional focus is South Asia, and she has also conducted fieldwork in Africa and Latin America.
Andreas is a research scholar at Heidelberg University's Alfred-Weber-Institute for Economics, where he works for the Research Center for Distributional Conflict and Globalization. Andreas defended his dissertation at University of Goettingen in August 2012. During the 2012-2013 academic year, he was a postdoctoral research fellow at the Niehaus Center for Globalization and Governance at Princeton University's Woodrow Wilson School.
Nisha is a PhD student at the LBJ School of Public Affairs. Her current research interests lie at the intersection of development and environment. She worked on the Global Adaptation Atlas, conducted vulnerability assessments in Central and West Asia, and designed guidance on adaptation for USAID. She has presented and written on several topics including: monitoring and tracking systems for adaptation aid, the economic costs of adaptation, and application of valuation techniques for climate change. She holds an M.A. in Applied Economics from Johns Hopkins University and a B.A. in Economics and Political Science from Macalester College.
Erin’s research interests are on issues of food security, poverty and inequality, and sustainable development. Specifically, she is pursuing two parallel research projects. First, she examines issues of food insecurity and international food assistance, US food aid and assistance polices, and response analysis – the portion of the programming cycle during which an agency identifies which transfer to distribute (cash, food, vouchers). Over the past decade of research on this topic, she has examined a range of issues relating to policy, targeting, and markets. Broadly she focuses on the institutional characteristics that shape a range of factors around food assistance programming design and delivery. Second, her dissertation focuses on the correlates of subjective wellbeing in sub-Saharan Africa, tracing the relationship between subjective wellbeing and structural inequality and intra-group inequality.
Patrick Meier (PhD) is an internationally recognized thought leader on the application of new technologies for crisis early warning, humanitarian response and resilience. He presently serves as Director of Social Innovation at the Qatar Computing Research Institute (QCRI) where he develops and prototypes Next Generation Humanitarian Technologies using Social Computing, Big Data Analytics, Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning. Patrick is also a UNICEF Humanitarian Innovations Fellow, a Rockefeller Foundation and PopTech Fellow, a Harvard Humanitarian Initiative (HHI) Fellow, a National Geographic Emerging Explorer and a member of the Academy of Achievement (AoA). Prior to QCRI, Patrick co-founded and co-directed the Harvard Humanitarian Initiative’s (HHI) Program on Crisis Mapping & Early Warning and served as Director of Crisis Mapping at Ushahidi.
Dr. Gina Yannitell Reinhardt joined the Bush School faculty as an assistant professor after completing her PhD in political science at Washington University in St. Louis (2005). She has spent time researching in Brazil, Japan, Nicaragua, Portugal, Spain, Italy, and the US, where she investigates disasters, trust, and foreign aid allocation and effectiveness. This research fuels her interest in questions regarding decision making under uncertainty and the distribution of wealth in society. In 2007-08, she worked on the US Senate Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations, fulfilling a Congressional Fellowship from the American Political Science Association. While there, she investigated credit card abuses, money laundering, tax evasion, and foreign corruption, and was able to observe congressional oversight first-hand. She teaches quantitative methods, game theory, political economy of international development, and public policy analysis.
Todd’s primary policy interests are international sustainable development and poverty reduction, especially in Africa. He has worked in China and Ethiopia with the international humanitarian aid organization Médicins Sans Frontières / Doctors Without Borders. During the summer of 2008, Todd worked with Impumelelo Innovations Award Trust in Cape Town, South Africa where he authored the recently published tenth volume in Impumelelo’s Series of Best Practice, the second to focus on environmental programs. While pursuing his PhD, Todd is working as a research assistant with the Strauss Center on the DoD Minerva grant to study “Climate Change, State Stability and Political Risk in Africa.”
Maurits is an Assistant Professor in Government at the College of William & Mary. He received his BA from Dartmouth College, an MS in computer science from Stanford University, and a PhD in government from Harvard University. His research examines ways policymakers think about foreign policy, and the impact that different frames have on policy choices.