Toward data-driven education systems: Insights into using information to measure results and manage change
In this joint report with the Brookings Institution, we analyze two new surveys on education leaders' use of data for decision-making.
AidData Policy Report
Samantha Custer, Elizabeth M. King, Tamar Manuelyan Atinc, Lindsay Read, Tanya Sethi
Breaking the Clientelistic Voting Equilibrium: The Joint Importance of Salience and Coordination
Two conditions must be present for information about politician performance to affect how voters reward or punish good or bad performers.
AidData Working Paper
Claire Adida, Jessica Gottlieb, Eric Kramon, Gweneth McClendon
Decoding Data Use: How do leaders source data and use it to accelerate development?
What 3500 leaders from 126 countries have to say about the types of data or analysis they use, from what sources, and for which purposes.
AidData Policy Report
Takaaki Masaki, Samantha Custer, Agustina Eskenazi, Alena Stern, Rebecca Latourell
Estimating Baseline Aid to the Sustainable Development Goals
A methodology to estimate financing to the SDGs via a crosswalk with AidData activity codes and OECD CRS purpose codes.
Matthew DiLorenzo, Sid Ghose, Jennifer Turner
Realizing Agenda 2030: Will donor dollars and country priorities align with global goals?
Tracking ODA to the SDGs/MDGs and surveying leaders, we assess how global goals crowd in financing and inform domestic priorities.
AidData Policy Report
Tanya Sethi, Samantha Custer, Jennifer Turner, Jacob Sims, Matthew DiLorenzo, Rebecca Latourell
Lighting the Path: The Influence of Historical Christian Missions on Modern-day Development Aid Allocation in Africa
Areas with a historical Christian missionary presence have a higher probability of receiving modern development projects.
AidData Working Paper
Matteo Alpino, Eivind M. Hammersmark
AidData's TUFF Methodology, Version 1.3
Updated TUFF methodology that triangulates open-source information to systematically track official finance from opaque donors and lenders.
Austin M. Strange, Mengfan Cheng, Brooke Russell, Siddhartha Ghose, and Bradley Parks
AidData TUFF Coder Instructions, Version 1.3
Coder instructions to implement the TUFF methodology.
Austin M. Strange, Mengfan Cheng, Brooke Russell, Siddhartha Ghose, and Bradley Parks
Aid, China, and Growth: Evidence from a New Global Development Finance Dataset
A new dataset of official financing from China is used to investigate how Chinese aid affects economic growth in recipient countries.
AidData Working Paper
Axel Dreher, Andreas Fuchs, Bradley Parks, Austin M. Strange, Michael J. Tierney
How Transparency Affects Distributional Politics: A Field Experiment among Elected Incumbents in Malawi
Transparency leads to political incumbents allocating goods to communites with greater economic needs versus those of political support.
AidData Working Paper
Ryan Jablonski, Brigitte Seim
Impact Evaluation of the Niger Participatory & Responsive Governance Project: Baseline Report
Baseline survey findings from a rigorous impact assessment of USAID's participatory and responsive governance project.
Ariel Benyishay, Lisa Mueller, Phil Roesler
Beyond the Tyranny of Averages: Development Progress from the Bottom Up
Relying on averages is worsening inequality within countries, as donors miss the mark and aid financing fails to reach the poorest regions.
AidData Policy Report
Samantha Custer, Matthew DiLorenzo, Takaaki Masaki, Tanya Sethi, Jessica Wells
A Primer on Geospatial Impact Evaluation Methods, Tools, and Applications
A review of the advantages, disadvantages, and use cases of GIEs across countries, sectors, interventions, and development organizations.
AidData Working Paper
Ariel BenYishay, Daniel Runfola, Rachel Trichler, Carrie Dolan, Seth Goodman, Bradley Parks, Jeffery Tanner, Silke Heuser, Geeta Batra, Anupam Anand
BRICS and Foreign Aid
An overview of the small but growing literature on BRICS donors, who show considerable variation in their bilateral foreign aid activities.
AidData Working Paper
Gerda Asmus, Andreas Fuchs, Angelika Müller
Aid and Growth in Malawi
Do foreign aid flows impact local growth? Researchers find that aid flows cause higher growth and relocate economic activity across space.
AidData Working Paper
Daniel Chris Khomba, Alex Trew
Host Country Profiles
This collection of 111 country profiles showcases the distribution of development finance and the top development partners for each country.
Samantha Custer, Zachary Rice, Takaaki Masaki, Rebecca Latourell, Bradley Parks
Development Partner Profiles
Profiling where bilateral and multilateral donors allocate their finance, and how they are perceived by in-country stakeholders.
Samantha Custer, Zachary Rice, Takaaki Masaki, Rebecca Latourell, Bradley Parks
Geocoding Afrobarometer Rounds 1-6: Methodology & Data Quality 
This document presents the methodology used to geocode the Afrobarometer database with post-hoc assessments of the quality of the data.
Ariel BenYishay, Renee Rotberg, Jessica Wells, Zhonghui Lv, Seth Goodman, Lidia Kovacevic, Dan Runfola 
Escaping the Valley of Disengagement: Two Field Experiments on Motivating Citizens to Monitor Public Goods
Governments cannot provide public goods effectively when they lack information about their delivery.
AidData Working Paper
Mark T. Buntaine, Daniel L. Nielson, Jacob T. Skaggs
Geocoding Methodology, Version 2.0
This codebook prescribes AidData’s method for geocoding aid data that is made available through a wide range of stakeholder sources.
AidData Research and Evaluation Unit
When Do Global Performance Assessments Influence Policy Behavior? Micro-Evidence from the 2014 Reform Efforts Survey
AidData Working Paper
Bradley C. Parks, Takaaki Masaki
Tracking Underreported Financial Flows: China’s Development Finance and the Aid–Conflict Nexus Revisited
Introducing a new open-source methodology for collecting project-level development finance information.
Journal Article
Austin M. Strange, Axel Dreher, Andreas Fuchs, Bradley Parks, Michael J. Tierney
Development Aid and Infant Mortality
A team of researchers undertake what may be the first systematic attempt to study how DA affects infant mortality at the subnational level.
AidData Working Paper
Andreas Kotsadam, Gudrun Østby, Siri Aas Rustad, Andreas Forø Tollefsen, Henrik Urdal
geoSIMEX: A Generalized Approach To Modeling Spatial Imprecision
A flexible approach - geoSIMEX - can provide parameter and error estimates while adjusting for spatial imprecision.
AidData Working Paper
Daniel Runfola, Robert Marty, Seth Goodman, Michael Lefew, Ariel BenYishay
Avoiding Data Graveyards: Insights from Data Producers & Users in Three Countries
From interviews with 200 leaders, we pinpoint barriers to data use and offer cross-cutting principles for demand-driven investments in data.
AidData Policy Report
Samantha Custer and Tanya Sethi, Eds.
Targeted Foreign Aid and International Migration: Is Development Promotion an Effective Immigration Policy?
Findings indicate that governance aid is accompanied by reductions in the emigration rates of developing countries.
AidData Working Paper
Jonas Gamso, Farhod Yuldashev
Foreign Aid and Growth at the Subnational Level
Analysis finds statistically significant positive and persistent effects of aid shocks on nighttime luminosity.
AidData Working Paper
Andrea Civelli, Andrew Horowitz, Arilton Teixeira
Financing the SDGs in Colombia
The brief presents AidData’s pilot methodology for tracking financing to the SDGs and findings on three key sources of data for Colombia.
AidData Policy Report
Impact of Mass Bed Net Distribution Progams on Politics
Bed net distribution results in large, statistically significant improvements in the approval levels of political leaders.
AidData Working Paper
Kevin Croke
Natural Resource Sector FDI and Growth in Post-Conflict Settings: Subnational Evidence from Liberia
Results suggest that, in general, natural resource concessions improve local economic growth outcomes.
AidData Working Paper
Jonas B. Bunte, Harsh Desai, Kanio Gbala, Brad Parks, Daniel Miller Runfola
Chinese Aid and Local Corruption
Empirical results consistently indicate more widespread local corruption around active Chinese project sites
AidData Working Paper
Ann-Sofie Isaksson and Andreas Kotsadam
In the Eye of the Beholder: When is governance data "good enough"?
Over 500 leaders shared their firsthand experiences in advancing reforms in their countries and the role of governance data.
AidData Policy Report
Takaaki Masaki, Tanya Sethi, Samantha Custer
2016 Governance Assessment Profiles
Collected profiles of 28 governance assessments based on a 2016 GDA Snap Poll of over 500 leaders in 111 low and middle-income countries.
Takaaki Masaki, Tanya Sethi, Samantha Custer
No one left behind: a review of disability inclusive development efforts at the World Bank
A pilot methodology to assess the inclusion of people with disabilities by international development cooperation organizations.
Journal Article
Valerie L. Karr, Jacob Sims, Callie Brusegaard, and Ashley Coates
Forest Cover Impacts of Chinese Development Projects in Ecologically Sensitive Areas
Georeferenced project data is merged with a long series of high-resolution satellite data to identify project impacts on forest cover.
AidData Working Paper
Ariel BenYishay, Bradley Parks, Daniel Runfola, Rachel Trichler
Fueling Conflict? (De)Escalation and Bilateral Aid
Receiving bilateral aid raises the chances of escalating from small conflict to armed conflict, but it not in truly peaceful countries.
AidData Working Paper
Richard Bluhm, Martin Gassebner, Sarah Langlotz, Paul Schaudt
Aid Management, Trust, and Development Policy Influence
Development agencies can amplify their policy influence by entrusting their counterpart governments with aid management responsibilities.
AidData Working Paper
Bradley C. Parks, Takaaki Masaki, Jörg Faust, Stefan Leiderer
An Open-Source Methodology for Tracking Natural Resource Concessions in Liberia: Version 1.0
This methodology describes the data collection and geo-referencing process for the Liberia Consessions Geocoded Research Release in detail.
Harsh Desai, Miranda Zhonghui Lv, Charles Perla, Brad Parks
Danish Development Cooperation from a Partner Perspective
Long-term partnerships and focussed investments amplify Denmark’s influence and improve favourability in the eyes of key counterparts.
AidData Policy Report
Bradley Parks, Samantha Custer, Takaaki Masaki, Tanya Sethi, Rebecca Latourell
German Aid from a Partner Perspective
This study evaluates the policy influence and performance of German agencies from the perspective of those receiving their advice.
AidData Policy Report
Bradley Parks, Takaaki Masaki, Jörg Faust, Stefan Leiderer
Repression and Foreign Aid in Autocracies: Exploiting Debt Relief Negotiations in Post-Cold War Africa
When the threat of financial sanction is credible, Western donors have reduced the odds of repression in Africa’s post-Cold War autocracies.
AidData Working Paper
Brett L. Carter
From Pork to Performance: Open Government and Program Performance Tracking in the Philippines
New evidence on the prospects and limits of technology-enabled transparency to improve governance worldwide.
AidData Policy Report
Samantha Custer, Hanif Rahemtulla, Kai Kaiser
Do Domestic Politics Shape U.S. Influence in the World Bank?
Reexamining four empirical studies of the World Bank, U.S. influence is driven by the years in which the U.S. government was divided.
AidData Working Paper
Erasmus Kersting, Christopher Kilby
Tangible Information and Citizen Empowerment: Identification Cards and Food Subsidy Programs in Indonesia
On net, beneficiaries received 26 percent more subsidy in villages targeted with an information program.
AidData Working Paper
Abhijit Banerjee, Rema Hanna, Jordan Kyle, Benjamin A. Olken, Sudarno Sumarto
The Dragon's Curse? China, the World Bank, and Perceptions of Corruption in Tanzania
The paper finds a strong association between the location of a larger number of Chinese aid projects and higher perceptions of corruption.
AidData Working Paper
Gina Kelly, Samuel Brazys, Johan A. Elkink
What Determines Earmarked Funding to International Development Organizations?
Earmarked aid is associated with different donor- and recipient-level factors than traditional or ‘pure’ bilateral aid.
AidData Working Paper
Vera Z. Eichenauer, Bernhard Reinsberg
Foreign Aid and the Intensity of Violent Armed Conflict
Multiple measures of funding concentration are associated with increased military fatalities, but not with civilian fatalities.
AidData Working Paper
Daniel Strandow, Michael G. Findley, Joseph K. Young
Elite and Mass Support for Foreign Aid Versus Government Programs: Experimental Evidence from Uganda
Members of parliament support government programs over foreign aid, whereas citizens prefer aid over government.
AidData Working Paper
Michael G. Findley, Adam S. Harris, Helen V. Milner, Daniel Nielson
Indigenous Land Rights and Deforestation: Evidence from the Brazilian Amazon
Satellite-based forest cover data and variation in timing is used to study whether formalization of land rights affects deforestation rates.
AidData Working Paper
Ariel BenYishay, Silke Heuser, Daniel Runfola, Rachel Trichler
Rogue aid? An empirical analysis of China's aid allocation
New evidence shows China does not pay substantially more attention to politics compared to Western donors.
Journal Article
Axel Dreher and Andreas Fuchs
Putting Money to Mouths: Rewarding and Punishing Human Rights Behaviors
Recipients who become more like donors get significant increases in aid; recipients already similar to donors get large decreases in aid.
AidData Working Paper
Darren Hawkins, Jay Goodliffe
Governance Data: Who Uses It and Why?
This report evaluates the use of governance data among policymakers and practitioners in 126 low- and middle- income countries.
AidData Policy Report
Samantha Custer, Zachary Rice, Takaaki Masaki, Rebecca Latourell, Bradley Parks
The Impacts of World Bank Development Projects on Sites of High Biodiversity Importance
Project impact on biodiverse areas is assessed using remote-sensed forest change data and in situ monitoring data on conservation outcomes.
AidData Working Paper
Graeme M. Buchanan, Bradley C. Parks, Paul F. Donald, Brian F. O'Donnell, Daniel Runfola, John P. Swaddle, Lukasz Tracewski, Stuart H.M. Butchart
Are "New" Donors Challenging World Bank Conditionality?
Findings suggest new donors might be perceived as an attractive option to which the World Bank reacts by offering less restrictive credits.
AidData Working Paper
Diego Hernandez
Sub-national Perspectives on Aid Effectiveness: Impact of Aid on Health Outcomes in Uganda
Health aid achieved an overall significant impact in reducing both disease severity and burden.
AidData Working Paper
Tonny Odokonyero, Alex Ijjo, Robert Marty, Tony Muhumuza, Godfrey Owot Moses
Does Foreign Aid Fuel Trust?
Individuals living in counties that got aid exhibit higher probability to trust others with respect to those living in counties with no aid.
AidData Working Paper
Alexandra D'Onofrio, Giuseppe Maggio
Foreign Aid, Foreign Policy, and Domestic Government Legitimacy: Experimental Evidence from Bangladesh
Information about U.S. aid slightly improves general perceptions of the U.S., and increases confidence in local authorities.
AidData Working Paper
Simone Dietrich, Minhaj Mahmud, Matthew S. Winters
Listening to Leaders: Which Development Partners Do They Prefer and Why?
We draw upon the firsthand experiences and observations of nearly 6,750 policymakers and practitioners in 126 countries.
AidData Policy Report
Samantha Custer, Zachary Rice, Takaaki Masaki, Rebecca Latourell, Bradley Parks
Apples and Dragon Fruits: The Determinants of Aid and Other Forms of State Financing From China to Africa
Results suggest Beijing’s motives may not be substantially different from those shaping the allocation of Western official finance.
AidData Working Paper
Axel Dreher, Andreas Fuchs, Bradley Parks, Austin M. Strange, Michael J. Tierney
Research Summary: China and the Western Donors: More Similar than Different?
This research summary explores methods and findings from AidData Working Paper 15, "Apples and Dragon Fruits."
Tanya Sethi
AidData’s TUFF Methodology, Version 1.2
TUFF is a systematic, replicable methodology for triangulating open-source information to track opaque donors and lenders.
Austin M. Strange, Bradley Parks, Charles Perla and Harsh Desai
Transparency and System Support in Peru
We find that transparency has little impact on political attitudes, unless accompanied by either one of two conditions.
AidData Working Paper
Darren Hawkins, Lucas Brook, Ian Hansen, Neal Hoopes, Taylor Rawson
Does Foreign Aid Target the Poorest?
Results suggest that aid is not being allocated effectively to alleviate extreme poverty.
AidData Working Paper
Ryan C. Briggs
'Ground-Truthing' Chinese Development Finance in Africa: Field Evidence from South Africa and Uganda
Ground-truthing generally reveals close agreement between open-source data and answers to protocol questions.
AidData Working Paper
Edwin Muchapondwa, Daniel Nielson, Bradley Parks, Austin M. Strange, Michael J. Tierney
Doing Harm by Doing Good: The Negative Externalities of Humanitarian Aid Provision During Civil Conflict
Humanitarian aid may be associated with increased rebel violence but less with state violence.
AidData Working Paper
Reed M. Wood, Christopher Sullivan
Do Aid Donors Specialize and Coordinate within Recipient Countries? The Case of Malawi
No evidence for increased aid specialization after Paris Declaration; regional division of labor among donors may have deteriorated.
AidData Working Paper
Peter Nunnenkamp, Albena Sotirova, Rainer Thiele
Aid and Growth at the Regional Level
Significant correlations between aid and growth in second-level administrative regions, but no causal effects.
AidData Working Paper
Axel Dreher, Steffen Lohmann
Research Summary: Aid and Growth at the Regional Level
This research summary explores methods and findings from AidData Working Paper 9, "Aid and Growth at the Regional Level."
Tanya Sethi
A Spatial Analysis of The Effect of Foreign Aid in Conflict Areas
In contrast with the literature this study does not find a strong effect of aid on conflict.
AidData Working Paper
Stijn van Weezel
Building a Stronger System for Tracking Nutrition Sensitive Spending
Models indicate that the amount of nutrition sensitive and total nutrition ODA was significantly predicted by stunting prevalence
AidData Working Paper
Scott B. Ickes, Rachel B. Trichler, Bradley C. Parks
The Foreign Aid Effectiveness Debate: Evidence from Malawi
Results suggest that a sub-national framework provides sufficient granularity for detecting impacts of foreign aid on poverty alleviation.
AidData Working Paper
Rajlakshmi De, Charles Becker
The Political Economy of Aid Allocation in Africa: Evidence from Zambia
Political elites distribute more donor projects to districts where opposition to the ruling party enjoys greater popularity
AidData Working Paper
Takaaki Masaki
Aiming at the Wrong Targets: The Difficulty of Improving Domestic Institutions with International Aid
Aid-dependent countries are more likely to select targets that measure public sector organization rather than policy outcomes.
AidData Working Paper
Benjamin P. Buch, Mark T. Buntaine, Bradley C. Parks
The Marketplace of Ideas for Policy Change: Who do developing world leaders listen to and why?
The influence of external assessments of government performance on the policymaking process in low- and middle-income countries.
AidData Policy Report
Bradley Parks, Zachary Rice, Samantha Custer
Aid on Demand: African Leaders and the Geography of China's Foreign Assistance
More Chinese aid aid is allocated the birth regions of African leaders; Chinese aid is also found to increase economic growth.
AidData Working Paper
Axel Dreher, Andreas Fuchs, Roland Hodler, Bradley C. Parks, Paul A. Raschky, Michael J. Tierney
Titling Community Land to Prevent Deforestation: No Reduction in Forest Loss in Morona-Santiago, Ecuador
AidData Working Paper
Mark T. Buntaine, Stuart E. Hamilton, Marco Millones
Leveraging Aid for Trade Capacity in Uganda
AidData Working Paper
Alex Thomas Ijjo, Isaac Shinyekwa
Aid to Africa: Helpful or Harmful?
A study of Chinese aid to Africa reveals complicated effects.
Journal Article
Bradley C. Parks, Austin M. Strange
AidData’s Media-Based Data Collection Methodology, Version 1.0
This document details the first pilot of what is now AidData's Tracking Underreported Financial Flows methodology.
Austin M. Strange, Brian O’Donnell, Daniel Gamboa, Bradley Parks
The UCDP and AidData Codebook on Georeferencing Aid, Version 1.1
This codebook details how aid events available from AidData and other donor sources can be assigned latitude and longitude coordinates.
Daniel Strandow, Michael Findley, Daniel Nielson, Josh Powell