The dataset captures the known universe of officially-financed Chinese Official Finance projects in 5 regions of the world from 2000-2014 (including Africa, the Middle East, Asia and the Pacific, Latin America and the Caribbean, and Central and Eastern Europe). It includes concessional and non-concessional sources of funding from Chinese government institutions (including central, state or local government institutions) with development, commercial, or representational intent. More specifically, it captures (a) highly concessional, Chinese development projects that meet the OECD’s criteria for Official Development Assistance (ODA); and (b) officially-financed Chinese projects that lack development intent or are provided with higher interest rates and lower grant elements (i.e. projects that fall within the OECD’s criteria for “Other Official Flows”, or OOF.) Chinese ODA represents “Chinese aid” in the strictest sense of the term, but Chinese official finance (ODA and Other Official Flows) is sometimes used as a broader definition of aid. AidData’s dataset allows users to disaggregate Chinese official finance into its constituent parts and determine if they wish to use a narrow or broad definition of aid. This dataset builds off of previous work to track Chinese Official Finance in Africa (versions 1.0, 1.1, and 1.2).
TUFF is a rigorous, replicable methodology that triangulates open-source information to systematically create project-level data detailing official finance originating from opaque donors and lenders. For high-level guidelines on the TUFF methodology, please see the TUFF Methodology document. For specific, step-by-step instructions used by AidData researchers to arbitrate project records, please see the TUFF Coder Instructions document.
Tracking Underreported Financial Flows (TUFF) Methodology, Version 1.3
AidData TUFF Coder Instructions Version 1.3
Learn more about the dataset from the README file or our page on China's Global Development Footprint.